Tripple Brook Farm

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Genus: F

Fargesia
(clump-forming bamboo); dragon's head bamboo; fountain bamboo; umbrella bamboo
Festuca
blue fescue
Fragaria
strawberry

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Catalog as of January 02, 2016

Fargesia

(Gramineae - grass family)
A genus of small to medium size clumping bamboos native to alpine coniferous forests of west and southwest China. Includes the hardiest species of true clumping bamboos currently in cultivation; some species are among the most cold hardy of all bamboos in cultivation.

As plants native to cool forest areas, Fargesias generally prefer or require cool conditions and partial shade. Especially near the southern limit of their range of cultivation, Fargesias are likely to thrive best where they receive some shade during the hottest part of the day. Bright, open shade, where there is plenty of light but not much direct, hot sun is favorable. Near the southern limit of cultivation it is also helpful to situate the plants where the soil remains as cool as possible. For example, the soil on a north-facing slope will be relatively cool, other things being equal, as will soil which is shaded.

Some Fargesias are fairly tolerant of full sun, under favorable conditions. In general, the cooler the summer temperatures and the better established the Fargesia specimen, the more likely it is to tolerate full sun. When attempting to establish small Fargesia plants in locations exposed to direct mid-day (i.e., about 11:00 to 3:00) sun, it would be a good idea to provide a bit of shade for the plant until it is well foliaged and capable of shading the soil over its root system. The shading arrangement need not be elaborate; just enough shade is needed to keep the lower portion (perhaps the lower one-half to two-thirds) of the plant and the soil over its root system from baking in the hot sun. The plant should still be allowed to receive plenty of bright light. It is also a good idea when planting young Fargesias (or other plants with arching stems) in locations subject to hot sun to orient the stems so that they lean toward the sun. Doing so helps to prevent stem injuries caused by overheating.

Some Fargesia species have proved to be surprisingly tolerant of hot greenhouse temperatures here (this is noted in the species description). Such species will likely be adapted to cultivation in much warmer climates than the very cold-hardy but heat- intolerant species such as Fargesia nitida. The actual range of cultivation for the heat-tolerant species has not been established, so growing them in warm climates (such as USDA hardiness zone 8 and warmer zones) should be considered experimental. The Fargesia species are all native to temperate regions, and even the heat-tolerant types may require some winter chilling in order to grow satisfactorily.

Fargesias prefer a moderately fertile soil which is moist but well-drained and well aerated. A slightly acidic pH is likely to be favorable. As is true of other bamboos, Fargesias appreciate an organic mulch.

Because Fargesias do not spread, they are well suited for use as hedges, screens, or specimens, or wherever space is limited. The plants typically form dense clumps with the outer culms in the clump arching outwards, away from the center. The result is a fountain-like effect. Fargesias are relatively slow to propagate, and are in great demand as ornamentals, due to their desirable combination of characteristics.


dracocephala max ht 16' • max culm dia ¾" • min temp -10°F

dragon's head bamboo


hedge - screen, part shade - sun
China

A clump-forming, non-invasive bamboo species. Has proved to be unusually heat tolerant for a Fargesia, surviving and growing reasonably well here in a greenhouse where summer temperatures run consistently in the vicinity of 100°F on sunny days. Like Fargesia robusta, it appears to be worth trying wherever winters are not too cold (especially USDA hardiness zone 7 and southwards). Prefers or requires partial shade, at least in hot-summer areas (see recommendations above, at the heading "Fargesia", for growing this species near the southern limit of its range of cultivation).

up to 1½' tall, cat # 8L3C1 $29.95 each.


murieliae 'Mary' max ht 15' • max culm dia ½" • min temp -20°F

umbrella bamboo


hedge - screen, part shade - sun
China

A non-invasive, outstandingly ornamental clump-forming bamboo. Considered one of the most beautiful bamboos in cultivation, it is also among the most cold hardy. Delicate looking, with small leaves and slender, arching, green culms. The common name "umbrella bamboo" aptly describes the graceful weeping growth habit of this plant. Elegant and refined in appearance, this species has been described as bearing "delicate trembling leaves suspended on arching whiplike canes". In addition to its beautiful form this species with its warm, bright green, abundantly produced leaves adds a cheerful note to the landscape. An excellent choice for use as a hedge, screen, or specimen.

up to 1' tall, cat # 8L3H1 $54.95 each.


murieliae 'Adams #105' max ht 15' • max culm dia ½" • min temp -20°F

umbrella bamboo


hedge - screen, part shade - sun
China

A non-invasive, outstandingly ornamental clump-forming bamboo. Considered one of the most beautiful bamboos in cultivation, it is also one of the most cold hardy. Delicate looking, with small leaves and slender, arching, green culms. The common name "umbrella bamboo" aptly describes the graceful weeping growth habit of this plant. Elegant and refined in appearance, this species has been described as bearing "delicate trembling leaves suspended on arching whiplike canes". In addition to its beautiful form this species with its warm, bright green, abundantly produced leaves adds a cheerful note to the landscape. An excellent choice for use as a hedge, screen, or specimen. Plants develop into vigorous, well-filled clumps with intermediate height growth. Will probably top out at about 10-12'.

up to 1½' tall, cat # 8L3FF1 $54.95 each.
1½'-3' tall, cat # 8L3FF2 $65.95 each.



Fargesia nitida - Oct 2 Fargesia nitida - Jul 26 Fargesia nitida - Aug 17
nitida max ht 12' • max culm dia ½" • min temp -20°F

fountain bamboo


hedge - screen, part shade - sun
China

This non-invasive, clump-forming bamboo is outstandingly ornamental. Considered one of the most beautiful bamboos in cultivation, it is also among the most cold hardy. Delicate looking, with small leaves and slender, arching, bluish or purplish culms. The common name "fountain bamboo" aptly describes the appearance of the plant. Leaves are bright to dark green and abundant. Elegant and graceful throughout its growth, this form of the species is relatively erect in its growth. An excellent choice for use as a hedge, screen or specimen.

One limitation of this species is that as a native of the high, cool mountains of China, it is not well adapted to areas which experience very hot summers. A July average of 78°F (daily average of high and low, for example average daily high of 88°F and average daily low of 68°F) is about the upper limit of comfort for this species (The July average for Washington, DC is 78°F; the July average for Atlanta, GA is 79°F). To keep the plants happy near the southern limit of their range of cultivation, they should be situated in cool, shaded locations. In cooler climates, Fargesia nitidia will grow in full sun,it is apt to roll its delicate leaves when hot sun is shining on them. Under most circumstances this species is likely to succeed best if it has partial shade during the hottest part of the day. Fargesia nitidia has been described as the best of the hardy clumping bamboos for cultivation in shade.

The forms of Fargesia nitidia currently in cultivation last flowered around 1886. There is reason to believe that this species is due to flower again, and that most or all plants of Fargesia nitida currently in cultivation will probably flower and die sometime during the next 20 years. If any bamboo plant which you purchase from us should flower and fails to recover, we will be glad to replace the plant with a similar clumping bamboo species or refund the purchase price. When Fargesias do flower, they often produce an abundance of seeds from which new plants can be started; the new generation of plants should be safe from flowering for about 100 years.

up to 1½' tall, cat # 8L3N1 $39.95 each.
1½'-3' tall, cat # 8L3N2 $50.95 each.
3'-5' tall, cat # 8L3N3 $61.95 each.




Fargesia nitida 'de Belder' - Jul 18 next to picnic table Fargesia nitida 'de Belder' - Jul 19
nitida 'De Belder' max ht 12' • max culm dia ½" • min temp -20°F

fountain bamboo


hedge - screen, part shade - sun
China

Like the species Fargesia nitida (described immediately above), but more arching and fountain-like in its growth. Also, 'de Belder' is considered more tolerant of full sun.

up to 1½' tall, cat # 8L3L1 $39.95 each.
1½'-3' tall, cat # 8L3L2 $50.95 each.
3'-5' tall, cat # 8L3L3 $61.95 each.




nitida 'Jiuzhaigou' max ht 12' • max culm dia ½" • min temp -20°F

fountain bamboo


new, hedge - screen, part shade - sun
China

A new generation seedling of Fargesia nitida recently introduced from northern Sichuan Province, China. ('Jiuzhaigou' means "nine house valley".) Collected at an elevation of 10,500', this is a very cold hardy bamboo. Young shoots exposed to bright sunlight develop striking red coloration, aging to yellow as the culms mature. In warm regions it is best to limit direct sun exposure to mornings, if possible.

up to 1½' tall, cat # 8L3V1 $44.95 each.
1½'-3' tall, cat # 8L3V2 $55.95 each.



nitida 'McClure' max ht 18' • max culm dia ½" • min temp -20°F

fountain bamboo

Fargesia nitida 'McClure' - Sep 10


hedge - screen, part shade - sun
China

This is the tallest of the Fargesia nitida species that we offer. McClure differs from the species chiefly in its greater height. A more subtle distinction is the relatively long, narrow leaves of this selection. Named for Floyd McClure, a pioneer bamboo collector at the Smithsonian Institution.

up to 1½' tall, cat # 8L3M1 $39.95 each.
1½'-3' tall, cat # 8L3M2 $50.95 each.
3'-5' tall, cat # 8L3M3 $61.95 each.




robusta max ht 16' • max culm dia 1" • min temp 0°F

(clump-forming bamboo)


hedge - screen, part shade - sun
central Sichuan Province, China

A vigorous and attractive clump-forming species. Not one of the most cold hardy species, but is much more heat tolerant than most other commonly cultivated Fargesia species. A relatively recent introduction into North America, its limits of cultivation here (especially the southern limit) have not been established. Appears, however, to be worth trying wherever winters are not too severe. Prefers or requires partial shade, at least in hot-summer areas (see recommendations above, at the heading "Fargesia", for growing this species near the southern limit of its range of cultivation). For us as a container plant, this species has thrived under hot greenhouse conditions which have killed other Fargesias. This suggests that it should grow successfully un substancially warmer climates than the less heat tolerant Fargesia species. Note: Supplies are limited - we reserve the right to limit quantities.

up to 1½' tall, cat # 8L3R1 $34.95 each.
1½'-3' tall, cat # 8L3R2 $45.95 each.



rufa max ht 8' • max culm dia ½" • min temp -10°F

(clump-forming bamboo)


hedge - screen, shade - sun
central Sichuan Province, China

A recent introduction from China's Sichuan Province, this species is a vigorous, upright grower with handsome, dense, dark green, glossy foliage. The long, narrow leaves are carried on pink branchlets. Culms are yellow-green when new aging to a ruddy color. The name "rufa", meaning "red", refers to the distinctive orange-red culm sheaths. Tolerant of full sun, but probably happiest in light shade, at least in warm climates. New to cultivation in the U.S, its size at maturity and its cold hardiness remain to be precisely determined. It has shown excellent cold hardiness, and should be top hardy to at least 10°F. Some sources indicate that the plant is top hardy to -15°F. More observations are needed to determine its level of heat tolerance. A rare and beautiful garden specimen.

up to 1½' tall, cat # 8L3T1 $34.95 each.
1½'-3' tall, cat # 8L3T2 $45.95 each.